Flying in Brazil

sp-brazil

WELCOME TO VATSIM BRAZIL!

Welcome to our website for visiting pilots. We hope we can provide you with the best information that will make your flight with us more pleasant.
Below are a few categories of information you may need, including explanatory texts and links for resources. As a Vatsim.net division we follow every item on all regulations such as Vatsim's Code of Conduct, Code of Regulations, User Agreement and Privacy Policy, additionaly we have a local set of basic rules and particularities you will be presented.
Want to know more about Brazil?   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazil

Aproveite! (Enjoy!)

 

UNICOM Frequency & Basic Coordination

In Brazilian airspace for Vatsim, we follow real world regulations, therefore you should maintain coordination via frequency 123.45, text only. When you leave brazilian airspace change to 122.80.

Our pilots are instructed to provide information and coordination in UNICOM as required in the CoC, but most of them do it in portuguese. Aeronautical communications in Brazil don't have to be in English, as in countries such as Portugal. However will be able to understand position reports due to similarities in aviation vocabulary, but you can use english too as some of our pilots do use and most of them will be able to understand your reports.

In the example below you can see how easy it is to understand that an aircraft is probably about to takeoff from Guarulhos International Airport (SBGR) on the NEMO09 departure.

"Para coordenação, TMA São Paulo, decolando rwy 09L, SBGR, saída NEMO09.MUTY."

"For coordination, São Paulo TMA, taking off rwy 09L, SBGR, NEMO09.MUTY departure."

Here are a few direct translations as a survival reference, that will probably not be required.

English Portuguese 
To Takeoff Decolar 
To Land Pousar 
Cleared Autorizado 
Aircraft Aeronave
Flight Voo
Wind Vento

Brazilian Charts

In Brazil we are very lucky to have one of the best online Aeronautical Information Service in the world. Brazilian government provides a free website with official charts and manuals for airspace and airports all over brazilian territory. All information you can imagine can be found there, specially in portuguese. The website has an English language button that translates some site parts so you can see and download the charts you need.

The AIS-WEB service provides all sort of information you may need to fly in Brazil, like AIP, NOTAM, all oficial publications and all Brazilian oficial charts.

  • To find an Airport or TMA chart, type the ICAO code in the text box, select the kind of chart and click OK. Don't know the ICAO code? Just click the red link below the ICAO text box, type the city name, TMA or airport name to get a list of correspondent ICAO. Select the kind of chart you are looking for e click OK.
  • Enroute and Planning Charts, click on the Tab Rotas see the coverage area in a map below and select the chart
  • Visual Charts, click on the Tab Visuais, select the kind of chart and select the one you are looking for.

Click on the image below to go to AIS - Aeronautical Information Service site.

charts AIS

Choosing route

You can find all the real commercial repetitives flight plans used for real flights in Brazil, at CGNA. Select companies (Companhias) or cities (localidades) of departure and pick a flight plan for a destination of your choice.

Besides, you can find FPC Flight Planning Charts as told above, clicking on "Rotas" tab.

Sceneries

A good place to start looking for sceneries is Terra-Brasilis where you'll find lots of good sceneries for free.

ATC Services

The Brazilian official language is Portuguese (pt_BR), unfortunately many of our members don't write english well, although a few can speak or understand a few functional words. We work very hard to have english speaking S3 and C1 ATCs. In brazilian real aviation communications are in dual language, a pilot may contact ATC both in portuguese or english, we follow that in Vatsim world. It should be normal listening to a frequency in which pilots and ATC change between portuguese and english.

If you don't speak portuguese it may be a funny although worring experience flying around not knowing a Boeing 767 can be right behind your Cessna Caravan. Don't worry though, the ATC will be there for you and everyone the same way to provide safety and separation.

On initial contact we encourage you to try using english for communications, in more than 70% ocasions you will hear an answer in english. If you encounter problems stablishing contact with the ATC due to language problems, we would like to ask you to use the primary communication method: text. By using on frequency text, the ATC (and other pilots) will be able to use translating resources in order to understand and help you having authorizations you need and fly with us.

As previously stated, Senior Student (S3) and Controllers (C1 and C3) ATCs should be able to communicate in english. If you experience any language difficulty on plan approval or takeoff with a TWR Controller, try to get help from a APP or CTR nearby.

Main differences

In Brazil there is no Departure ATC position, all departure and arrival flight are controlled by the local Approach ATC.

Most of the airports use radar surveillance not vectors. This means the pilot will be given a SID or STAR and it's supposed following it.

Radar vector can be provided at anytime ATC finds better and whenever pilot requests. Also note pilot will be informed when "under radar surveillance". ATC must at all times monitor the flight and call the pilot whenever flying off route or off procedure.

After Flight Plan aproval, the pilot will receive the departure instructions, usualy the runway, the SID to expect and QNH.

Arriving in TMA, before start descend, the pilot will be to9ld to expect a STAR. After flying a STAR you are supposed to be cleared to a final IAC procedure, select and follow the charts.

A VIA SID or STAR clearance means you are cleared for horizontal and vertical navigation with no restrictions at all. Follow the charts.

SID and STAR procedures are chosen by ATC (pilot may request an specific one), but SID/STAR should not be written at the flightplan route.

Transition level is determined for each airport based on TA - Transition Altitude, stated on local chart, and on local atmosphere pressure. Transition Level will be informed by the controller or it will be in the ATIS. Note ATC will (in most of the cases) inform when you have to reset your altimeter. Below the Transition Level, instructions will be given as altitudes not in FL.

The Brazilian Airspace is divided in LOW and HIGH airspace, so are the charts. High airways are above FL245 (not included).

Before contact a controller the standard transponder set is 2000. Set Mode S while taxying to depart or after landing. Set Mode C when you're clear to enter runway and of course during the flight.

Brazilians are very happy to help foreigners, be sure we will do our best to make you flight a pleasant experience.

Crossing / Flying Over Brazilian Airspace

Brazilian Airspace is organized in five ACCs, four of them are over land, and one is Oceanic. Our total airspace extends over 22 million sqKM. Eventually you will be flying under the radar coverage of our ACCs and be called by our ATC. Please answer as soon as you can since we may have many local flight aircrafts flying the same airway demanding safety separation.

The areas of Brazilian ACCs and respective ICAO codes are shown in the image below.

FIRs Brasil Text

  

ICAO Callsign Position Name
SBBS SBBS_CTR Brasilia Center
SBCW SBCW_CTR Curitiba Center
SBRE SBRE_CTR Recife Center
SBAZ SBAZ_CTR Amazonic Center
SBAO SBAO_FSS Atlantic Center